An Act of Union formally united Scotland with England and
Wales as the United Kingdom of Great Britain.
The Treaty of Paris recognized British control of Canada and
India gained during the Seven Years’ War.
An Act of Union took effect which incorporated Ireland into
Admiral Horatio Nelson’s victory over the French fleet in the
Battle of Trafalgar saved Britain from the threat of invasion.
The Duke of Wellington’s victory at the Battle of Waterloo
ended the Napoleonic Wars.
The first railroad in Great Britain opened between Liverpool
The Whig Reform Bill extended voting rights to middle-class
Slavery was abolished in the British Empire.
The Great Exhibition in London showcased Great Britain’s
Following the Sepoy Mutiny, the British government assumed
direct control of India from the British East India Company.
The Parliament Act reduced the power of the House of Lords.
Great Britain and the other Allies fought the Central Powers
during World War I. Although the Allies won, the war had shattering economic
and social effects on the country.
British forces crushed the Easter Rebellion in Ireland.
The Irish Free State was created. The British kingdom was
renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Edward VIII abdicated in order to marry Wallis Warfield
Victory in the air during the Battle of Britain prevented a
After victory in World War II, the Labour party initiated
reforms to make Great Britain a welfare state.
The British colonies of India and Pakistan became independent
nations. Many other British colonies became independent in the following
Northern Ireland came under the direct rule of the British
government, as violence intensified between Catholics and Protestants.
Great Britain joined the European Community.
Margaret Thatcher became the first woman to be elected prime
Great Britain defeated Argentine forces after Argentina
invaded the Falkland Islands.
The English Channel tunnel opened, linking Great Britain with