||THIS PAGE IS FULL OF FACTS- FACTS
PROVED BY SCIENTISTS. BUT THE FACTS ARE SAD.
Earlier this year, George Bush decided that the terms of the Kyoto Agreement would be ignored.
This agreement insisted on decreasing the output of carbon dioxide by industries.
America produces more carbon dioxide than any other country in the world.
Carbon dioxide leads to the Greenhouse Effect which increases the temperature of the world.
Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has increased by 30% in the past 250 years. As we cut down trees (which take in carbon dioxide) and burn more fuels (which produce carbon dioxide) the Greenhouse Effect can reach dangerous levels.
Scientists estimate that the global average temperature will increase by 1-3.5 degrees Celsius.
This may not sound like much, until you compare it with the change in the world average between the middle of an ice age and the warm period between ice ages- only 5 or 6 degrees Celsius.
This increase in temperature will cause the icebergs in Antarctica to melt. The icebergs in Antarctica are so large that if they melt the sea level will increase by about 50 cm by the year 2100. You think that this is not a lot. But it is. There are likely to be more extremely hot days and fewer extremely cold days. In some places there will be more severe droughts and floods.
A satellite picture of Antarctica. The purple region represents the whole of the ozone layer.
The number of people in danger from flooding would double, from 46 million to 92 million, if sea level went up 50 cm.
There may be more heavy rainstorms.
But which nations will suffer from these effects?
These changes are expected to be most damaging in countries nearer to the equator, which are generally poor countries.
BUT THE POOR COUNTRIES ARE THE ONES WHICH PRODUCE LESS CARBON DIOXIDE AND THEY WILL SUFFER MORE!!!
Deserts are expected to become more deserty. This is already happening in Africa's Savanna.
Some forests may disappear. This is already happening in Latin America, although there are different reasons for that. BUT even when the trees in these forests are no longer chopped off, the new climate might prevent them from growing again.
In some places different crops may have to be grown.
There will be floods in those countries. In fact they might be totally covered in water and disappear from the world's map.
One country which is already affected by this is Bangladesh. The people are very unlucky because the height of their land is very low. Year after year, there are floods in Bangladesh and thousands die from cholera and more become homeless. Danger is facing them... and us!
Bangladesh is just one of the areas of the world which scientists predict that it will be totally covered by water by the year 2050. Parts of the Persian Gulf, Britain and Egypt are just few parts of this Earth which will disappear from the world map. The countries which will suffer are mainly the poor ones. Time is running...
However, the truth is, that most of the countries of the world which will be flooded and affected by the Greenhouse Effect are the poor countries. In other words, the rich countries are the ones which produce huge quantities of carbon dioxide but are not affected; while the poor countries are the ones which produce much less carbon dioxide, but they are the ones which will suffer.
That is why America is not worried that much about the Greenhouse Effect. It can produce as much carbon dioxide as it wants, but it will not be threatened. Only the poor people of the poor countries who will have to face the catastrophe - let alone the problems of AIDS, starvation and poverty they face!!
NOTE: George Bush used to own an oil company which produced huge amounts of carbon dioxide!
BUT WHAT IS THE SOLUTION TO THIS PROBLEM?
-Some say that the people in the rich countries should be the ones to produce less carbon dioxide because they are largely responsible for the global warming.
-Some say that the people in the poor countries should produce less because there are lot of them. But producing less means that the poor people will get even poorer.
-Some say that rich countries should pay poor countries to produce less carbon dioxide because one reason that rich countries are rich is that they have taken so much wealth and labour from poor countries without paying for it.
And hoping that at least some of these words did not enter one ear and leave the other.... remember the Native American saying:
"WE DON'T INHERIT FROM OUR ANCESTORS....
WE BORROW THEM FROM OUR CHILDREN"
SOURCE OF INFORMATION: What's the BIG Idea? Nuclear Power: The Electrifying Truth by Felix Pirani and Christine Roche