Make your own free website on Tripod.com

Pakistan's Timeline

Home Articles Politics Quotes Records Sports History Did you know? Jokes Science

about 3500 BC

Civilization developed in the Indus River valley.

530 BC

The Persian emperor Cyrus the Great conquered part of the Punjab.

332 BC

Alexander the Great conquered most of what is now Pakistan before his own troops forced him to turn back.

AD 100s

Peshawar became an important trading center of the Kushan Empire.

711

Arab Muslims crossed the Arabian Sea and invaded Sind, introducing Islam to Pakistan.

1000s

Lahore became an important center of Islamic culture after Turkish Muslims from Persia conquered the Indus River valley.

1206

Much of Pakistan became part of the Delhi Sultanate.

1526

Pakistan became part of the Mughal Empire. The Mughals introduced Sikhism and the Urdu language to Pakistan.

1740s

The Mughal Empire began to decline. Its power and influence were gradually assumed by the British East India Company.

1800s

Sikh kingdoms gained power in the Punjab. They were eventually conquered by the British during the 1840s.

1858

The British government assumed direct control of India and much of Pakistan. By 1900 the territory had been expanded to include all of modern Pakistan.

1906

The All-Indian Muslim League was founded to campaign for greater self-rule for India’s Muslims.

1940

Fearing Hindu dominance of India, the Muslim League demanded the partition of India into Hindu and Muslim nations. The name Pakistan, meaning land of the pure in Urdu, was introduced to refer to the Muslim nation.

1947

Pakistan gained its independence. The eastern and western parts of the country were separated by more than 1600 km (1000 mi) of Indian territory.

1948-1949

Pakistan and India fought a war over control of the Kashmir region.

1956

Pakistan became a republic.

1965

India and Pakistan again went to war over Kashmir.

1971

East Pakistan proclaimed its independence from Pakistan as the state of Bangladesh. More than 1 million people died in the ensuing civil war, which ended when India and Bangladesh defeated Pakistani forces.

1977

The military, led by General Muhammad Zia Ul-Haq, took control of the government.

1988

Zia died in a plane crash. Benazir Bhutto was elected prime minister, becoming the first woman to lead an Islamic nation.

1990

President Ghulman Ishaq Khan removed Bhutto from office, citing her government with corruption.

1993

The military intervened to resolve a dispute between the president and the prime minister. New elections were held, and Bhutto was returned to office.

1994

Tensions over Kashmir soared again. Prime Minister Bhutto announced plans to continue Pakistan's nuclear weapons development program.

1996

United States lifted some military and economic sanctions against Pakistan.