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THE DICTATORS

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Here is a list of just some of the dictators who were/are supported by America.

The list also shows many of their brutalities.....

If you see any blue text, you can click on it to go to a web-site which proves that what is on this page is true and that  there are no lies.

NAME OF DICTATOR NATION AND PERIOD OF RULE OTHER DETAILS.....
Emperor Bao Dai

Vietnam: 1926-1945

South Vietnam: 1949-1955

bullet He was the French puppet emperor during the French rule of Vietnam
bullet While the Vietminh, a Communist guerrilla group, was fighting against French rule and against Bao Dai, America actually supported Vietminh
bullet However, after the Chinese Revolution of 1949, America was afraid that Vietminh would end up as a Chinese puppet, so America started supporting the unpopular Bao Dai and the French
bullet However, the French were defeated in 1954
bullet The UK, the USSR and the USA agreed to split up Vietnam into North and South: the North was Communist and the South ruled by Bao Dai
bullet After that the USA undertook the protection of South Vietnam and began to provide help to the dictator
bullet Afterwards, Bao Dai, whose corrupt and inefficient dictatorship had become an embarrassment for America, was disposed by another dictator, Ngo Dinh Diem
Ngo Dinh Diem

Diem

South Vietnam: 1955-1963

Buddhist

 

 

 

 

73-year-old Buddhist burning himself in protest against the leadership of Vietnam

bullet While his nation was struggling for independence against French rule, he was living in Europe and the USA
bullet He led a military coup against Bao Dai and declared himself President
bullet Under the Geneva Conference, there were supposed to be free elections to be held to unite North and South Vietnam.
bullet However, knowing that the Communists would win by 80%, Diem and America (under Eisenhower) both prevented democratic elections from taking place. How kind it is of America!!!
bullet His rule became increasingly dictatorial as guerrilla resistance from the Communist-sponsored Vietcong grew in the following years
bullet Him and his ruling classes were corrupt Catholic landowners who had little respect for their peasants they ruled and did not share their Buddhist religion
bullet The Vietnamese, who were mainly Buddhists, hated Diem so much that some of them burnt themselves in protest
bullet America decided to get rid of him and supported a military coup against him when he was assassinated
bullet There were 8 different governments between 1963 and 1975. They were all very corrupt, dictatorial and supported by the American army during the Vietnam War.
bullet Many war crimes were committed by the Americans against the South Vietnamese people.
Chiang Kai-shek China: 1928-1949

Taiwan: 1949-1975

bullet Had a corrupt, dictatorial and ruthless regime
bullet He himself was proud and stubborn
bullet Successful in winning support of foreign powers, especially America and Britain, during the Civil War but did not gain any support of ordinary Chinese people
bullet Much of the support he gained from the West to fight against the Japanese (who had invaded China), was actually stored to fight against the Communists during the Civil War
bullet In fact, he used his best troops to block supply routes to the Communists rather than to fight the Japanese
bullet Dealt ruthlessly with protests
bullet Despite all the wartime hardships he forced the peasants to pay taxes to his army
Syngman Rhee South Korea:1948-1960
bullet His corrupt police state brutalized and terrorized its opponents to such an extent that western news correspondents were forbidden to report it
bullet South Korea was governed by the tyrannical and unrepresentative regime of Syngman Rhee
bullet Ruled until 1960 when he was deposed by Park Chung Hee
bullet Rhee used troops to force the legislature to provide for popular election of the president
bullet Rigged and manipulated the elections
bullet His regime was set up with the help of America and with the protection of the American army
bullet The USA and the UN came to defend his regime from Communist invasion of North Korea between 1950-1953.
Park Chung Hee South Korea:1960-1979
bullet His Korean Central Intelligence Agency was responsible for the surveillance, intimidation and purges against his political dissidents
bullet In 1972, he imposed martial law and introduced a new constitution which allowed him to rule indefinitely
bullet

In the following months, numerous emergency measures restricted civil liberties and removed political opponents.

bullet

Although the economy improved under his rule, the South Koreans hated his regime

bullet In 1979 demonstrations in the cities of Pusan and Masan were met with violent suppression
bullet He was assassinated in the same year
bullet Sent an army to help the USA during its invasion of Vietnam
General Chun Doo Hwan South Korea:1980-1988
bullet In December 1979 he ousted senior military officers, took control of the army, and subsequently thwarted efforts toward constitutional liberalization
bullet In May 1980 leading opposition politicians were arrested and opposition demonstrations were suppressed with great violence
bullet After a series of student demonstrations, Doo Hwan was forced to make democratic reforms and free elections
bullet Throughout the rule of pro-American South Korean dictators, there were many student demonstrations against America which supported the dictators.
bullet Many such demonstrations still take place after South Korea had become a democratic nation
bullet allowed western multi-nationals to operate in his country
Laurent Kabila

Kabila

Congo DR: 1997-2001

Persons displaced by ethnic conflict in Eastern Congo

Joseph Kabila

Joseph Kabila- the new dictator

bullet took control of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1997 after a bloody war in which his supporters and Rwandan and Ugandan allies killed tens of thousands of civilians
bullet In a second civil war, Kabila's forces, like those of Rwanda, Uganda, and the Congolese rebels allied with them, have all engaged in indiscriminate attacks on civilians, extrajudicial executions, rape, and destruction of property, with the result of massive displacement of population.
bullet During his nearly four years in power, Kabila regularly and ruthlessly violated the human rights of the Congolese people, killing, torturing, imprisoning, and causing the "disappearance" of any who he thought threatened him or his regime.
bullet Among those who suffered most were political opponents, leaders of civil society, human rights activists, and journalists
bullet Kabila handed out rights to exploit the vast mineral riches of the country to his commercial and military cronies (including American and western multi-national companies)
bullet while the economy as a whole disintegrated and ordinary people lacked food, medicine, and other basic needs of life, particularly in Kinshasa and other urban areas.
bullet He enjoyed the support of troops from his home region of Katanga, whom he in turn favored with regular pay and supplies. But other units, ordinarily left unpaid, preyed on citizens to support themselves.
bullet International businessmen, many of them based outside the region, have milked the wealth of the Congo while their governments exert no effective pressure for peace.
bullet In 1997 the U.N. Secretary-General sent a team to investigate war crimes committed by all parties during the first Congo war. Kabila blocked their work, but the investigators returned with enough information to conclude that combatants in the first Congo war had committed crimes against humanity and perhaps genocide.
bullet When he died, his son came to power in a very undemocratic method. But America, as a reward for allowing American multi-national companies to undermine the Congolese people, Colin Powell (American Secretary of Foreign Affairs) invited the new young dictator for dinner as soon as he came to power!!
Idi Amin

Idi Amin

Uganda: 1971-1979
bullet Followed an erratic, tyrannical, and increasingly bloody course that left the country in shambles
bullet Killed 300,000 Ugandans during his rule
bullet Found refuge in Saudi Arabia, a friendly state of America
General Sani Abacha Nigeria: 1993-1999
bullet Banned all political activities and parties
bullet Formed a military autocratic regime
bullet Fired and arrested political opponents
bullet Allowed western oil companies to exploit the nation's resources and damage the environment
bullet

Despite international outcry, in November 1995 the Nigerian government hanged writer and dissident Ken Saro-Wiwa and eight others. Saro-Wiwa, a member of the Ogoni ethnic group of southern Nigeria whose Niger River delta land has long been exploited for its oil deposits, had brought the plight of the Ogonis to the attention of the international media.

bullet

Saro-Wiwa led protests demanding that proceeds from oil mining in the Ogoni homeland be used to help the Ogoni people, and calling on Royal Dutch/Shell Group oil corporation to clean up the environmental damage it had inflicted.

Francisco Franco

Franco

Spain: 1939-1975
bullet Supported by some western nations in winning the Spanish Civil War
bullet He himself was a fascist
bullet Ordered tens of thousands of executions during and after the Civil War to guarantee his power
bullet Although he was excluded by the United Nations, America signed with him a military assistance pact
bullet Supported by America mainly because he was anti-Communist and managed to murder them

General Humberto Castelo Branco

Brazil: 1964-1966
bullet Gained extraordinary powers
bullet Suppressed the opposition, especially the Left, who were anti-American
bullet Restrained civil liberties

Marco Vinicio Cerezo Arévalo

Guatemala: 1985-1991
bullet Committed Human Rights abuses
bullet Although America had publicly announced that it would stop supporting the regime, reports later showed that the CIA had supported it financially and military with $10 million and that the CIA agents had worked to suppress reports of killings and torture by the army
Roberto Suazo Córdova Honduras: 1981-1985
bullet Although a liberal democrat, the army had a lot of power during his rule
bullet The USA held military exercises along with other pro-American guerrilla groups on Honduras' land to fight against Nicargua
Anastasio Somoza

Somoza

Nicaragua:1936-1956
bullet

A military-minded autocrat, he crushed all opposition with the aid of the National Guard

bullet Ruled NIcaragua for 20 years with the support of the USA
bullet Amassed a personal fortune during his corrupt, dictatorial rule
bullet

He was succeeded by his son and then by other members of his family: Luis Somoza Debayle, Anastasio Somoza Debayle and others

bullet

Him and his family ruled the nation for more than 40 years

bullet

His family were more or less a corrupt royal family in a so-called Republic

bullet

For sometime, his family abolished the constitution and declared Marshall Law

bullet

Rigged the elections

bullet

Him and his family headed the so-called Liberal Party

General Suharto

Suharto , 6k

Indonesia:1967-1999
bullet The president who preceded him, President Sukarno, was a popular leader who introduced many democratic reforms and led the nation during its struggle for independence
bullet But America hated the former leader because of his socialist and nationalist leanings
bullet Therefore with the help of the USA, Suharto came to power after overthrowing Sukarno and putting him under arm arrest
bullet During this military coup, General Suharto massacred over 1 million suspected opponents
bullet Over 300,000 were arrested, many were only released after his 30 year-rule
bullet Only 800 out of those executed and imprisoned were on trail
bullet There had been periodic execution, the last occurred in 1990
bullet Suharto turned towards the west and allowed western multi-national companies to operate in Indonesia
bullet "Clinton joined his predecessors and colleagues abroad in ensuring the welfare of the Indonesian tyrants and murderers and the foreign corporations that benefit from their rule, blocking and evading congressional restrictions on military assistance." (SOURCE: Noam Chomsky in Democracy Enhancement, Part II)
bullet In 1975, Suharto invaded East Timor, claiming to restore order to prevent Communists to come to power over there
bullet Human Rights organizations say that during the invasion of East Timor, Suharto killed more than 100,000 men, women and children
bullet A report in the USA which was only recently released, proved that the American President Ford, and his Foreign Adviser, Kissinger, had given Suharto the green light to invade East Timor
bullet Ironically, it was the Western nations who later contributed to Suharto's resignation in 1999 and the independence of East Timor.
bullet gained western support in return for allowing multi-nationals to set up
bullet "In November 1993... Indonesia submitted to the UN a resolution requesting an opinion from the World Court on the legality of the use of nuclear weapons. In the face of this atrocity, the guardians of international morality leaped into action. The U.S., U.K., and France threatened Indonesia with trade sanctions and termination of aid unless it withdrew the resolution, as it did. Traditional clients understand very well when a message from the powerful is to be heeded."(SOURCE: Democracy Enhancement, by Noam Chomsky)
Colonel Hugo Banzer Suarez Bolivia: 1971-1978
bullet Moved from a relatively moderate position to full military control
Reza Muhammed Shah Pahlawi

{or just Shah of Iran}

Shah

Iran:1941-1979
bullet Was overthrown temporarily but was restored to his throne with the aid of the USA in 1953
bullet The Americans considered this a triumph but the Iranian people had always resented his rule
bullet He began to exercise increasing control over the government, keeping it closely aligned with the United States.
bullet When he used to arrive to Tehran (the Iranian capital) Airport, he used to see the old houses and villages of poor people on his way in the plane. He was so arrogant that he ordered the elimination of the houses!!!
bullet In March 1959 Iran signed a defense agreement with the United States
bullet He used helicopters against his own people while they were demonstrating
bullet Led a dictatorial government which annulled the elections of the lower House Parliament
bullet

On March 2 1975, the shah announced the end of the multiparty system and the formation of a single-party system

bullet The shah's responses to his opposition were increasingly repressive, and he relied heavily on his secret police, the Savak, which was much dreaded for its harsh methods
bullet In the late 1970s there were antigovernment demonstrations, both in Iran and abroad, over alleged human rights violations, most of which could be traced to the Savak
bullet There had been, and there are still, anti-American demonstrations due to America's support to the unpopular Shah
Augusto Ugarte Pinnochet Chile: 1973-1990
bullet Supported by the CIA in the military coup against the democratically and legally elected Salvador Allende
bullet America hated Allende because he made socialist reforms and nationalized American businesses. America wanted a dictator to achieve its benefits
bullet Allende was assassinated while he was in his Palace
bullet

Suspended the constitution, dissolved Congress, imposed strict censorship, and banned all political parties.

bullet

Embarked on a campaign of terror against leftist elements in the country.

bullet

In his regime, thousands were arrested; many were executed, tortured, or exiled, while still others languished in prison or simply "disappeared"

bullet

The army had a iron grip on the nation

bullet

Led a police state

bullet

When there was a recent debate on whether Pinnochet should be on trail for his crimes against Human Rights, America and other western nations opposed the trail with the excuse that he was too old and sick!!! If Pinnochet was an anti-American dictator, he would have been on trail even if he was paralyzed!!!

Fulgencio Batista Cuba:1940-44 and 1952-1959
bullet Led a brutal and corrupt regime
bullet Rigged the elections
bullet Suspended the constitution for some time
bullet His capitalist regime made the rich richer and the poor poorer
bullet Many important sectors of the Cuban economy were owned by American businesses
bullet Used US dollars in lavish bribes for his supporters
bullet Turned a deaf ear to all voices of reform
bullet Later, in the Bay of Pigs, some of his supporters along with other anti-Communists tried to invade Cuba after being trained and supported by the CIA
P.W. Botha South Africa: 1978-1989
bullet Only gave democracy to the white minority
bullet Treated the native South Africans, who formed the majority, brutally
bullet Refused to give independence to Namibia
Saddam Hussein

Saddam Hussein

Iraq: 1979-?
bullet Was supported by financial and military from America, the west and the Gulf nations to fight against Iran during the Iran-Iraq War
bullet Killed and tortured many of his political opponents
bullet Believed to have used chemical weapons against Iran and against his own people while he was getting support from America
bullet Ironically, when he began to fight against western interests in Kuwait, only then he began to be viewed as a tyrant
bullet During an Uprising in 1993, the America supported the opponents of Saddam, but then deliberately left them to be killed by Saddam. 250,000 people were killed. The absence of Saddam would have meant that there would be no excuse for America to remain in the Gulf
Muammar al-Qaddafi

Qaddafi

Libya: 1969-?
bullet Soon after his military coup, Qaddafi had strong anti-Communist views and as a result America supported him for a short time
bullet The CIA helped him to assassinate an opposition group known as the "Muslim Brotherhood"
bullet However, Qaddafi eventually pro-Soviet and anti-western and America actually stood against him
bullet He was injured and one of his daughters were killed in 1986 during American attack when he was accused by America of causing a terrorist attack in West Germany. It was later proved that he wasn't behind but there was no apology from America
Rafael Leonidas Molina Trujillo Dominican Republic: 1930-1960
bullet he was trained by members of the U.S. Marine Corps (the Dominican Republic was then under U.S. military occupation)
bullet

In 1930 he was elected president without opposition.

bullet

The Trujillo regime brought economic stability to the country but allowed the people no political freedom whatsoever.

bullet Trujillo encouraged diplomatic and economic ties with the U.S.
bullet Trujillo presided over one of the tightest dictatorships in the world.
bullet With the military as the basis of his power, he and his family directed practically every aspect of the nation's life, from the courts down to the pettiest bureaucrat
bullet The national economy, while greatly expanded and modernized, was run as the dictator's personal corporation, and the political process was completely dominated by his Dominican Party. Backed at first by the United States, Trujillo used this support to his own advantage in shoring up his power.
bullet The killer and torturer Trujillo took over the Dominican Republic, remaining a great friend until he began to get out of hand in the 1950s.
bullet

Discontent and criticism, widespread especially after World War II ended in 1945, were met with terror and self-serving propaganda

bullet

At the end, the USA stood against him and he was assassinated

Porfirio Diaz

Diaz

Mexico: 1876-1880 and 1884-1911
bullet In 1876 he overthrew the government of President Sebastian Lerdo de Tejada and was installed as president the following year.
bullet Because, under the Mexican constitution, he could not serve two consecutive terms, Diaz retired the presidency in 1880
bullet

He was reelected in 1884, secured passage of an amendment to the constitution permitting a succession of presidential terms, and remained in power until 1911.

bullet His regime was marked by notable achievements, but also by a brutal tyranny.
bullet Foreign capital, especially American, was invested in the exploitation of the country's mineral resources
bullet foreign investors drained a great part of the country's wealth, much of the ancient communal lands (ejidos) of the Native Americans was concentrated in the hands of a relatively small number of landowners, and poverty and illiteracy were widespread.
bullet

Manifestations of the resulting social discontent were suppressed by Diaz with an iron hand until the revolution of 1911

Morena Manuel Antonio Noriega

Noriega

Panama: 1983-1989
bullet when he was head of the military intelligence, Noriega became the most feared man in the country.
bullet

Noriega had been an agent of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) for years, including the time when Bush had been CIA director

bullet

when it was discovered that he was a double-agent for both the CIA and the Cuban intelligence, America demanded his arrest

bullet

America invaded Panama in 1989, arrested him and he went on trail

bullet

He was convicted with drug trafficking and money laundering

Anwar Al Saddat

Saddat

Egypt: 1970-1981
bullet In 1981, Anwar Al Saddat organized a plebiscite in Egypt which asked the Egyptian people whether or not they would allow him to "abduct all of the Egyptian people".
bullet Of course, very few people took this ridiculous plebiscite seriously since everyone knew that it would be manipulated or rigged
bullet Only 30,000 Egyptians out of 40 million took part in the elections
bullet The rigged result was that 99.75% of the Egyptian people allowed the President to abduct all of the Egyptian people!!!!
bullet As a result, the President arrested hundreds of politicians, following different ideologies, without trial
bullet And while the arrests were taking place, a famous propaganda song was shown on TV called, "Sadat- We all Love You"!!!!!
bullet He changed the Egyptian constitution to allow himself to rule Egypt for the rest of his life
bullet Despite all that, he was known in the western media, and especially the American, as open-minded, peace-loving, democratic......
bullet He allowed his nation to host an American army which existed from the 1979 until today.
bullet Opened the doors to western foreign investment, imports and privatization which had resulted in nothing but the deterioration of the Egyptian economy
Husni Mubarak

Mubarak

Egypt: 1981-?
bullet Egypt has long been a key country for U.S. strategy in the Middle East and will soon host some 23,000 U.S. troops for long-scheduled military exercises, Operation Bright Star. The Cairo West airbase could be an important forward-supply base for attacks on Afghanistan.
bullet Following a resurgence of political violence in the early 1990s, the government introduced anti-terror laws giving the security and intelligence services greater powers of arrest and detention and rounded up thousands of suspects.
bullet There are now 20,000 political prisoners who were not put on trial
bullet Among them are individuals who were arrested as children in their early teens and who remain incarcerated as adults. Others were kept in prison though their sentences had expired.
bullet The state also uses emergency rule to refer civilian defendants to military courts or to exceptional state security courts, in effect creating a parallel court system under direct government control.
bullet Since 1992 hundreds of civilians have been referred to military courts. These trials, sometimes held en masse, fail to meet international fair trial standards: basic rights, such as the right to appeal, have been routinely violated, even in cases where the defendants faced and were punished with the death penalty.
bullet These measures have been used widely against Egyptians attempting to exercise peacefully basic political rights like freedom of association or freedom of expression, as well as persons accused of committing or advocating acts of violence.
bullet Non-governmental organizations, professional associations, the media, trade unions and political parties - all have had their work hampered by laws aimed at silencing them and increasing governmental control over their activities.
bullet Torture in Egypt is widespread and systematic. Security forces and the police routinely torture or ill-treat detainees, particularly during interrogation. In his January 2001 report to the Commission on Human Rights, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture cited thirty-two cases of death in custody, apparently as a result of torture, occurring between 1997 and 1999.
bullet The 1992 Anti-Terror Law also criminalized non-violent political opposition, and was used to arrest and bring to trial persons not accused of committing or advocating violence but simply of alleged affiliation with the Muslim Brotherhood.
King Hussein Jordan: 1952-1999
bullet In 1970, he fought against the Palestinian Liberation Organization for several reasons, including gaining the acceptance of the USA
bullet In 1973, he suspected that Egypt and Syria were going to fight against Israel, so he flew with his plane, secretly on his own, to warn Golda Meir, the Israeli premier at that time. However, the Israelis ignored his warnings.
bullet By signing the treaty with Yitzhak Rabin in 1994, Hussein made his country basically out of the Arab-Israeli conflict and arrested many Jordanians who tried to help the Palestinians without trial.
bullet The Parliament in his country is relatively weak and does not participate in the decisions involving relations with the USA or Israel.
bullet "A marked deterioration in respect for basic freedoms has seriously affected the ability of Jordanians to make informed choices on election day. It's worrying when individuals are afraid to engage in peaceful political activities or to even express their views -- because they may be arrested, face criminal prosecution, or lose their jobs," Hanny Megally, executive director of the Middle East division of Human Rights Watch commenting on the 1997 Parliamentary elections.
bullet political activists, students, writers, and researchers have faced a variety of sanctions -- ranging from detention, criminal prosecution, and imprisonment to harassment, job loss, and blacklisting -- because they expressed views on political subjects that the government preferred remain off-limits.
bullet "Such measures have created an atmosphere in which the right to free expression is under siege," Human Rights Watch says.
bullet In the 1950s, a large group of politicians following a range of ideologies were tortured.
bullet According to the current General Secretary of the Jordanian Communist Party, who had been one of those prisoners, a former Nazi was the trainer of torturers and the methods ranged from electric chairs to injecting chemicals which caused severe pains in their bodies.
bullet Most polls show that the treaties signed by King Hussein with the USA and Israel were done against the will of the Jordanian people.
King Abdulla Jordan: 1999-?
bullet During the Intifada and amid increasing anti-Arab actions from Israel and the USA, King Abdulla had actually increased economic trade with both nations.
bullet Just after the Intifada had started on the 28/9/2000, King Abdulla signed a treaty with Bill Clinton, the former President of the USA, for free trade between the USA and Jordan, weakening the Jordanian local industry.
bullet In the year 2001, the Jordanian government began to implement restrictions on political opinion on the Internet- something which rarely occurs in the world.
bullet Demonstrations demanding the end of Israeli-Jordanian relations during the Israeli invasions of Palestinian areas in April 2002 were crushed.
bullet Peaceful anti-American demonstrations, leaflets and other political actions were prevented or even crushed by the Jordanian government.
Francois Duvalier (known as Papa Doc) Haiti: 1957-1971
bullet All the candidates for the new body elected on April 30, 1961 were Duvalier followers.
bullet A life term as president for Duvalier was authorized by a new constitution proclaimed in 1964.
bullet Rebel groups within the country remained active, despite the oppressive tyranny of Duvalier and the Tontons Macoutes (his army).
bullet

By 1967 the president had executed some 2000 political enemies and driven others into exile..

bullet

In Haiti, Washington reacted with some ambivalence to the murderous and brutal dictatorship of "Papa Doc" Francois Duvalier, finding him a bit too independent for its taste.

bullet

Nevertheless, Kennedy provided him with military assistance, in line with his general program of establishing firm U.S. control over the hemisphere's military and police as they undertook the task of "internal security" that he assigned them in a historic 1962 decision.

bullet

Kennedy also provided aid for the Francois Duvalier International Airport in exchange for the Haitian vote to expel Cuba from the OAS (Organization of American States).

bullet In January 1971 the legislature amended the constitution to permit Duvalier to name his son, Jean Claude Duvalier (or Baby Duc), as his successor.
Jean-Claude Duvalier (known as Baby Duc) Haiti: 1971-1986
bullet

The 19-year-old Duvalier became president after the death of his father on April 21, 1971; the position was reaffirmed for life by a constitutional revision in 1985.

bullet

When he took over in 1971, relations rapidly improved, and Haiti became another "darling" of the business community, along with Brazil under the neo-Nazi generals and other right-thinking folk.

bullet

USAID undertook to turn Haiti into the "Taiwan of the Caribbean," forecasting "a historic change toward deeper market interdependence with the United States," Trouillot observes.

bullet

U.S. taxpayers funded projects to establish assembly plants that would exploit such advantages as enormous unemployment (thanks in part to USAID policies emphasizing agroexport) and a workforce -- mainly women, as elsewhere considered more docile -- with wages of 14 cents an hour, no unions, ample terror, and the other usual amenities.

bullet

The consequences were profits for U.S. corporations and their Haitian associates, and a decline of 56% in wages in the 1980s. In short, if not Taiwan exactly, Haiti was an "economic miracle" of the usual sort.

bullet Advisers loyal to his father's regime still held important positions, and his mother exercised considerable influence.
bullet An exodus of refugees to the Bahamas and to the United States during the late 1970s and early 1980s, a result of political oppression and deepening poverty, drew international attention to the Duvalier regime
bullet The 1985 steps to enhance democracy in Haiti were "an encouraging step forward," the U.S. Ambassador informed his guests at a July 4 celebration. The Reagan Administration certified to Congress that "democratic development" was progressing, so that military and economic aid could continue to flow -- mainly into the pockets of Baby Doc and his entourage.
bullet It also informed Congress that the human rights situation was improving, as it was at the time in El Salvador and Guatemala, and today in Colombia, and quite generally when some client regime requires military aid for "internal security."
bullet The House Foreign Affairs Committee, controlled by Democrats, had given its approval in advance, calling on Reagan "to maintain friendly relations with Duvalier's non-Communist government."
bullet Haiti's legislature unanimously adopted a new law requiring that every political party must recognize President-for-Life Jean-Claude Duvalier as the supreme arbiter of the nation, outlawing the Christian Democrats, and granting the government the right to suspend the rights of any party without reasons. The law was ratified by a majority of 99.98%. Washington was deeply impressed. (SOURCE: Democracy Enhancement, Part II, by Noam Chomsky)
bullet

As a result of rising opposition Duvalier fled Haiti in early 1986 and settled temporarily in France; a junta succeeded him.

bullet This was described by the Wall Street Journal with engaging frankness: after "huge demonstrations," the White House concluded "that the regime was unraveling" and that "Haiti's ruling inner circle had lost faith in" its favored democrat, Baby Doc.
bullet "As a result, U.S. officials, including Secretary of State George Shultz, began openly calling for a `democratic process' in Haiti." Small wonder that Shultz is so praised for his commitment to democracy and other noble traits.
bullet The meaning of this call for democracy was underscored by the scenario then unfolding in the Philippines, where the army and elite made it clear they would no longer support another gangster for whom Reagan and Bush had expressed their admiration, even "love," not long before, so that the White House "began openly calling for a `democratic process'" there as well. Both events accordingly enter the canon as a demonstration of how we "served as inspiration for the triumph of democracy in our time" in those wondrous years (New Republic).

SOURCES:

Human Rights Watch

Microsoft Encarta

Longman History

Modern World History by Ben Walsh

Al Jazeera

Other related articles:

Democracy Enhancement by Noam Chomsky

Democracy Restored by Noam Chomsky

Passion for Free Markets by Noam Chomsky

Is Peace at Hand? by Noam Chomsky

Market Democracy in a Neoliberal Order by Noam Chomsky

Rogue States by Noam Chomsky

The Victors by Noam Chomsky

Vain Hopes, False Dreams by Noam Chomsky