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BUILDINGS & STRUCTURES

ORIGINS

OLDEST FREE-STANDING STRUCTURES:-
bullet  MEGALITHIC TEMPLES
bullet  MGARR AND SKORBA, MALTA
bullet  BUILT IN 3250 BC
bullet  NOTE: IT WAS BUILT 350 YEARS BEFORE THE FIRST PYRAMID
OLDEST WOODEN STRUCTURE:-
bullet  TEMPLE OF HORYU
bullet  NARA, JAPAN
bullet  AD 670
LIVING

EARLIEST BUILDING FOR LIVING:-
bullet  HUTS WITH HEARTH
bullet  DISCOVERED IN 1965
bullet  NICE, FRANCE
bullet  BELIEVED TO BELONG TO THE ACHEULIAN CULTURE
bullet  400,000 BC
 MOST VISITED HOME:-
bullet  WARWICK CASTLE
bullet  NEAR STANFORD-ON-AVON
bullet  RECEIVED 683,000 VISITORS IN 1991
OLDEST CASTLE:-
 
bullet CHEPSTOW CASTLE
bullet  GWENT, ENGLAND
bullet  BUILT IN 1067
LARGEST PALACE:-
bullet  IMPERIAL PALACE
bullet  BEIJING, CHINA
bullet  960 X 750M
bullet  CONSTRUCTED BETWEEN 1402-24
MOST EXPENSIVE HOTEL ROOM:-
bullet  PENTHOUSE SUITE IN THE FAIRMONT HOTEL
bullet  SAN FRANCISCO, AMERICA
bullet  6000 $ PER NIGHT
LEISURE

LARGEST STADIUM:-
bullet  STRAHOV STADIUM
bullet  PRAGUE, CZECH REPUBLIC
bullet  COMPLETED IN 1934
bullet  240,000 SPECTATORS
bullet  FOR MASS DISPLAYS OF UP TO 40,000 GYMNASTS
LARGEST FOOTBALL STADIUM:-
bullet  MARACANA MUNICIPAL STADIUM
bullet  RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL
bullet  CAPACITY: 205,000
bullet  NOTE: IN THE 1950 WORLD CUP FINAL, 199,584 FANS WERE WATCHING. BRAZIL LOST 2-1 AGAINST URUGUAY
LARGEST BEACH:-
bullet  VIRGINIA BEACH
bullet  VIRGINIA, AMERICA
bullet  803 KM SQUARED
TOWERS

PAST AND PRESENT WORLD RECORDS
HEIGHT (m) STRUCTURE LOCATION MATERIAL DATE
62 Djoser Step Pyramid (oldest pyramid) Saqqarra, Egypt Limestone 2650 BC
91.7 Pyramid of Medium Medium, Egypt Limestone 2600 BC
101.1 Snefru Bent Pyramid Dahsur, Egypt Limestone 2600 BC
104 Snefru North Stone Pyramid Dahsur, Egypt Limestone 2600 BC
146.5 Great Pyramid of Cheops (Khufu) Giza, Egypt Limestone 2580 BC
160 Lincoln Cathedral, central tower Lincoln, England Lead sheathed wood AD 1307-1348
169 Washington Monument Washington DC, USA Stone 1848-1884
300.5 Eiffel Tower Paris, France Iron 1887-1889
318 Chrysler Building New York City, USA Steel and Concrete 1929-1930
381 Empire State Building New York City, USA Steel and Concrete 1929-1930
479 KWTV Television Mast Oklahoma City, USA Steel November 1954
490 KSWS Television Mast Roswell, New Mexico, USA Steel December 1956
493 WGAN  Television Mast Portland, Maine, USA Steel September 1959
510 KFVS Television Mast Cape Girardeau, Missouri, USA Steel June 1960
533 WTVM and WRBL Television Mast Columbus, Georgia, USA Steel May 1962
533 WBIR-TV Mast Knoxville, Tennessee, USA Steel September 1963
628 KTHI-TV Mast Fargo, North Dakota, USA Steel November 1963
646.38 Warszawa Radio Mast Plock, Poland Steel July 1974
660 Building Chicago, USA Steel  

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